Interpol Notices

 

Interpol Notices

International notices are the main instruments of international police co-operation. These notices are usually published by the General Secretariat of the ICPO-Interpol at the request of a National Central Bureau. The General Secretariat may, however, publish blue or green notices on its own initiative. After publication these notices are circulated to all the NCBs. The purpose of these notices is to supply to the police services of member countries, through their NCBs, certain information about persons or objects.

There are seven major types of international notices:
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A Series (Red) Notices
The 'A' series notices also known as 'Wanted notices' are published in respect of offenders wanted at international level. This type of notice invariably ask that the subject may be arrested, at least in certain countries, with a view to subsequent extradition to the country where he is wanted. 

The publication of an 'A' series notice should only be requested if all the following conditions are fulfilled:

- The person against whom the notice is to be published has committed an offence against ordinary criminal law.

- The offence is an "extraditable offence" under the Indian Extradition Act, 1962. 

- A warrant of arrest has been issued for his/her arrest.

- Extradition will be requested, at least from certain countries.

If any of the above conditions is not satisfied, a 'B' series notice should probably be requested.

If a person whether an Indian or a foreigner has committed an offence in India and is subsequently believed to have absconded to a foreign country, a request can be made by the concerned police authorities etc. to the Interpol Wing of the CBI for publication of an 'A' series (red) notice against that person provided all the conditions are satisfied. At the time of making such a request efforts should be made to furnish maximum information as mentioned under:

- Complete personal particular of the person wanted i.e. full name, date and place of birth, parentage, family status, name of spouse, occupation, nationality, complete passport details, aliases and nicknames, address(es), etc.

- Descriptive particulars i.e. height, colour of eyes, colour of hair, beard, forehead , nose, chin, ears, face (shape), distinguishing identification marks (tattoos, scars, amputations, etc.).

- Three copies of photograph and fingerprints. Since photograph and fingerprints cannot be reproduced satisfactorily unless they are of high quality, original photograph and fingerprints should be sent wherever possible. These can be returned on request.

- Languages spoken.

- Previous convictions, if any.

- A short account of the circumstances of the case in which he/she is wanted including full details of the charge(s).

- The name of the court that issued the warrant, date and number of the warrant of arrest.

- An assurance that extradition will be requested ( if arrested anywhere in the world or at least in certain countries).

- The names of the countries from which extradition will be requested.


If the wanted person is found and/or arrested in India or if the extradition has taken place, the Interpol Wing should be immediately informed so that the General Secretariat can be requestedto publish a cancellation notice, if the person is no longer wanted by the judicial authorities.

B Series (Blue) Notices
The 'B' series notices are also called 'enquiry notices' and may be issued in order to have someone's identity verified; to obtain particulars of a person's criminal record; to locate someone who is missing or is an identified or unidentified international criminal or is wanted for a violation of ordinary criminal law and whose extradition may be requested. 

If it is considered necessary to make a request for publication of a 'B' series (blue) notice against any person for any of the reasons mentioned above, the requesting authorities should furnish the detailed information mentioned in para 6 above. If the notice is required to be published in respect of a missing person, the detailed account of disappearance of that person should also be mentioned. Once the notice is considered to be no longer valid, Interpol Wing, CBI should be notified for issue of a cancellation notice.

C Series (Green) Notices
The purpose of 'C' series notices also called as 'Warning notices' is to give law enforcement agencies in member countries information about persons who have committed or are likely to commit offences affecting several countries and who might be on their territory. 

For Interpol purposes, an international criminal is someone who is known in his country as a habitual offender and operating in different countries or who is known in at least two other countries. A request of publication of a 'C' series notice should be made only about important international criminals and not about every criminal who fits the above definition. The degree of gravity of the convictions and the nature of the offences committed should be assessed. It should also be considered whether the criminal is or may be a member of a gang of international criminals Green notices are not cancelled except in special circumstances or when the person concerned dies.

D Series (Black) Notices
The purpose of 'D' series notices is to circulate information about unidentified dead bodies or deceased persons who were probably using false identities. 

A request for publication of a 'D' series notice must be accompanied by three copies of photographs of the entire body, and if possible, the fingerprints. It should also contain the date, place and circumstances of the recovery of the body; detailed descriptions of distinguishing features such as tattoos, scars, condition of teeth (with a dental chart, if possible), clothes and objects worn or carried by the victim, giving details of labels or trademarks, if any.

If the deceased person is identified or if the identification is no longer necessary, cancellation of the notice should be requested.

E Series (Stolen Property) Notices
These notices are published with a view to circulate information about stolen property or about objects found in circumstances which suggest that these may have been acquired illegally. Such objects may include cultural property i.e. idols, antiquities, paintings, etc. 

Publication of an 'E' series notice should only be requested if the stolen property has considerable cultural and /or commercial value and it can be satisfactorily identified from a description or photograph or because it bears identification numbers or markings. The request must contain maximum of the following information:

- Date and place (address) of theft.

- Place of theft: (museum, temple, church, palace, private house, art gallery, etc.)

- Type of security system protecting the building and the stolen object. Was the system rendered inoperative by the thief?

- Modus operandi (during the day, at night, by climbing, by using duplicate keys, by breaking and entering, by using violence or weapons, theft by trickery or using forged documents, etc.)

- Other information concerning the case including any information which may assist in identifying the offenders.

- Nature of the stolen object: (painting, sculpture, drawing, statue, engraving, gold/silver objects, books and manuscript, etc.)

- Detailed and accurate description of the object. Any diagram or photograph and particulars of the dimensions of the stolen object should be sent so that the information contained in the notice may be as comprehensive as possible.

As soon as a stolen object is recovered, the fact of recovery should be reported so that the General Secretariat of the ICPO-Interpol can be asked to cancel the relevant notice or portion of a notice.

Modus Operandi (MO) Sheets
The purpose of modus operandi notices is to notify the NCBs and through them, their police forces and law enforcement agencies, of certain modus operandi, procedures and hiding places used by criminals and to centralize information at the General Secretariat about similar methods used in different parts of the world and then circulate this information to the NCBs. 

The police departments and other law enforcement agencies should inform the Interpol Wing of any interesting methods used by criminals that come to their notice during their investigations. The modus operandi should be completely described and photographs should be sent, if they are useful.

Orange Notices
A copy of each notice prototype is available at Interpol Global Communications System 24/7 installed at Interpol Wing, CBI.

UN Security Council Interpol Special Notice
Issued for groups and individuals who are the targets of UN sanctions against Al Qaeda and the Taliban.