Inaugural speech of Director, CBI for the 2nd Police Liaison Officers' Conference, 2011

  1. Distinguished delegates,
    Shri Balwinder Singh, Special Director CBI,
    Shri V.K.Gupta, Special Director CBI,
    Joint Secretary Ministry of Home Affairs,
    and my colleagues from CBI.


              2. We proudly welcome all of you to our new HQ's for the 2nd Police Liaison Officers' Conference, 2011 organized by the International Police Cooperation Unit of Central Bureau of Investigation. This is also the first conference being held in our new HQ's.

              3. The aim of this Conference is to share our experiences and discuss issues related to bilateral and multilateral cooperation in our joint endeavor to fight against crime. The Conference also aims to familiarize you about the police set-up in India.

              4. India, as a Sovereign Democratic Republic is a union of 28 states and 07 union territories, each have their own Police set up headed by an officer of the rank of Director General of Police. The quasi federal character of the Indian Police with specific provisions in the Constitution, allows a coordinating and counseling role for the Centre in police matters and even authorizes it to set up certain central police organizations. The head of the police force in each state is Director General of Police (DGP), who is responsible to the state government for the administration of the police force in each state, and for advising the government on police matters. The DGP represents the highest rung in the police hierarchy. The hierarchical structure of the police in India consist of senior officers drawn, by and large, from The Indian Police Service (IPS) who do the supervisory work, the "upper subordinates" (inspectors, sub-inspectors, and asst. sub-inspectors) who work generally at the police station level, and the police constabulary who are delegated the patrolling, surveillance, guard duties, and law and order work. The constabulary accounts for almost 88% of total police strength.

              5. In addition to Police in the states and Union Territories, there are Central Police Organizations, such as : (i) Central Bureau of Investigation, (ii) Assam Rifles, (iii) Border Security Force, (iv) Bureau of Police Research & Development, (v) Central Industrial Security Force, (vi) Intelligence Bureau, (vii) Central Reserve Police Force, (viii) Indo-Tibetan Border Police, (ix) Narcotics Control Bureau, (x) National Crime Record Bureau, (xi) National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science,(xii) National Investigation Agency, (xiii) National Security Guard,(xiv) Railway Protection Force,(xv) Research and Analysis Wing,(xvi) Special Protection Group and (xvii) Special Security Bureau.

              6. More and more crimes are becoming transnational in nature. For example, most cyber crimes involve a large part of investigation based abroad. Therefore, a knowledge of rules and procedures for conducting such investigations through instruments such as RCNs, letters Rogatory, extradition, deportation, commissions for examination of witnesses, utilization of video conferencing for examination of witnesses by commissions etc., which till a few years back were not considered all core areas have now become essential for most of the investigators. Transnational crime has been on the increase which has underlined the inter-dependence of law enforcement agencies of various countries on each other. Because of this, Interpol and Police Liaison Officers have become an important platform for international cooperation.

              7. Undoubtedly, the Police Liaison Officers are instrumental in facilitating mutual cooperation between member states by timely execution of letters Rogatory, apprehension of red notice subjects and various other matters of mutual interests. It is because of the role played by the PLOs that extradition of fugitives and requests of Indian Agencies have been completed in a timely manner in many instances. The apprehension of Prakash Pandey, a wanted fugitive, by the Vietnam Authorities and his deportation to India is an example of never ending cooperation between the Interpol member countries. Some other examples of international cooperation and efforts of the PLOs and NCB-India include recovery and handing over of a kidnapped Bhutanese boy, arrest of Amit Mohan Singh, a fugitive of USA who was involved in rape cases and nabbing of an international gang of diamond thieves through coordination between NCB-UAE, NCB-Germany and IPSG Command Centre. Also the case of an Indian national Aman Vyas who was recently apprehended at IGI Airport and was wanted for cases of rape and murder in U.K.

              8. I may mention here that as many as 194 Letters Rogatory from India are pending execution with various member countries whereas only 59 requests of different countries are pending execution with Indian authorities. The statistics reveal that Indian Law Enforcement Agencies have been promptly acting on requests from other member countries with due diligence. There is a need to vigorously pursue the execution requests by the PLOs with their respective law enforcement agencies. I have been made to understand that the IPCU has provided a list of pending requests to the PLOs for pursuing them with their respective LEAs. I also request the IPCU to vigorously pursue with Indian Law Enforcement Agencies for expeditious disposal of requests from other member countries.

              9. We must however emphasize that all International Co-operation is based on reciprocity. Recently in the Kim Devies matter extradition has been denied to us by the Danish Govt on grounds of poor Human Right condition in India and Indian Jails. I must remind the delegates that India is a vibrant democracy with a strong judiciary and Human right mechanism in place.

              10. We view such judgments where we are denied access to the most wanted criminal with utmost seriousness and the Govt of India has already conveyed its views to the Danish Court in the strongest terms.

              11. We have a large Indian Diasporas in many countries and some of them commit crime and come to India. Similarly, a number of our national wanted in cases in India are trying to take refuge in countries abroad.

              12 We would request that all our extradition requests are treated with the utmost seriousness they deserve just as we do in cases involving Indian national wanted abroad.

              13. I am hopeful that matters of mutual interest would be discussed during this conference. I appeal to all to join hands together in our attempt to fight cross border terrorism and organized crime and further strengthen intentional cooperation amongst the law enforcement agencies of the world.

              14. I wish this conference a grand success and I am sure it would be a step forward in sharing experiences and for finding out better ways and means towards cooperation of all law enforcement agencies to combat crime effectively.

              Thank you.